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Steps for Writing Final Year Project: OND, HND, BSc, MBA and MSc

Writing final year project, A student’s ability to combine the knowledge they have learned from many courses and subjects to develop a final product that demonstrates their readiness to graduate is demonstrated in their final year project.

You will frequently need to show that you have the capacity to pick up new talents on your own. However, the report you produce for your senior project must adhere to strict academic standards and demonstrate your honesty, creativity, organization, and research skills.

Before we explain the various portions of a project thesis, a student should make sure that the overall structure presented below is acceptable to their project supervisor.

Steps for Writing Final Year Project: OND, HND, BSc, MBA and MSc

The format utilized here is a well-liked academic format for putting together a capstone project that Ordinary National Diploma, Higher National Diplomas, Degrees, Master’s, and even Ph.D. students have used in the past.

Understanding and using this academic system are not tough tasks. Before they begin, I advise students to quickly study it, and then go back and read each component as they complete it.

The general structure of the project

  1. Cover Page.
  2. Abstract.
  3. Table of Contents.
  4. List of Figures.
  5. List of Tables.
  6. Acknowledgment.
  7. Chapter One: Introduction.
  8. Chapter Two: A literature review.
  9. Chapter Three: methodology.
  10. Chapter Four: Data presentation and analysis.
  11. Chapter Five: summary, conclusion, and recommendation.
  12. References.
  13. Appendixes.

Cover page

The title of the thesis, the author(s)’ names, and a notation indicating the work is a bachelor’s or master’s thesis are all found on the cover page. On the cover page of the thesis, the year and month of submission are also stated.

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An abstract is succinctly written up but precisely, which is followed by a description of the study methodology and design, the key findings, and the conclusions drawn.

List of Contents

The table of contents is an ordered list of the chapters, sections, and frequent figures in your work that is clearly numbered by page. The table of contents page should clearly explain the structure of your work so that readers can jump to any part or subsection that interests them.

List of Figures

In research documents, visuals (figures, drawings, pictures, and maps) are identified by their titles and places in the list of figures. Periodical articles don’t include listings of figures. Figures focus information in novel ways and display crucial configurations, details, and supporting data.

List of Tables

The list of tables you used in your thesis or dissertation is listed together with the page number where they may be located in a list of figures and tables


The purpose of the acknowledgment section of a project or research is to express gratitude to the people or organizations that made major contributions to the project or research and assisted you in finishing it.

Chapter One: Introduction

A final-year project’s first chapter serves as the subject’s introduction and starting. The introduction as a whole provides a thorough background on the subject. You must be precise and explain the goal of your research in chapter one. You will present the topic you are examining to your viewers in this section. Make sure to include: a statement of the problem, the objective of the study, the research question, the research hypothesis, the significance of the study, the scope of the study, the limitation/delimitation of the study, the definition of terms, and the organization of the study

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Chapter Two: Literature review

An overview, a summary, and an assessment (or “critique”) of the state of knowledge in a particular field of study make up a literature review. It includes: the conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and the empirical framework

Chapter Three: Methodology

The methods you utilized for data gathering and analysis are discussed and explained in your study methodology. The following are included in the methodology:

  • Research Design
  • Study area.
  • The population of the study
  • Sample size determination
  • Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • Research Instrument and administration
  • Method of data collection
  • Method of data analysis
  • Validity of the study
  • Reliability of the study
  • Ethical consideration

Chapter Four: Data presentation and analysis

The chapter on data presentation and analysis display and evaluates data gathered during a research project. The response rate, the demographics of the respondents, and the key study findings, which are presented objectively, are some of the important topics covered in this section.

Finding patterns and trends in data is the process of conducting data analysis. Giving meaning to the data is the process of data interpretation. It entails describing the data’s patterns and trends that were found.

Chapter Five: summary, conclusion, and recommendation.

Summary: This is a document that provides a clear, detailed overview of the entire project and all of its major components. It often includes a project’s goals, context, requirements, challenges, and analysis.

Conclusion: A research paper, essay, or another piece of writing’s conclusion provides a summary of the entire document. The conclusion paragraph should repeat your thesis, highlight the major points you made in favor of it, and provide your assessment of the main idea.

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Recommendation: The most crucial element of the analysis process, recommendations are where you make specific suggestions for treatments or solutions to deal with the problems and limitations found throughout the assessment.


Referencing a document or source that served as the inspiration for a particular section of writing is known as referencing. It can be used in all academic writing formats, including books, magazines, websites, and online publications. You must cite any quotes, data, or other writings from your research study at the end of the report.


The insertion of additional specific information that is pertinent to the subject but is too detailed to be included in the main body of the final year project is referred to as an appendix (FYP). Both Appendices and Appendixes are acceptable spellings for the word’s plural.

If you follow these steps provided, will surely guide you to excellent final-year project writing

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